How to Get Rid of Moths from Beehives

Moths are a common obstacle when it comes to raising bees in a beehive. When your bee box has a small bee population or is weak, wax moths can populate the hive.

When wax moths move into your beehive they will eat the wax, destroy the honeycombs and lay eggs. Although moths can be a nuisance, it is possible to treat them yourself.

Moth Elimination Method

  1. Thoroughly clean an empty 2 litre plastic soda bottle and allow it to completely dry, leaving the lid on the bottle.
  2. Drill a one inch hole directly below the beginning of the bottle’s neck.
  3. Combine ½ cup of distilled vinegar, 1 banana peel, 1 cup of white sugar and 1 cup of water. Pour the mixture into the prepared bottle and leave it to ferment for 3 to 4 days.
  4. Hang the bottle near your beehive. The moths will be attracted to the liquid. After they enter the bottle through the drilled hole they will be unable to find their way back out of the bottle.
  5. When the bottle becomes full of dead moths it can be refilled with another fermented mixture if required.
  6. Remove all bee box frames that do not have brood.
  7. Freeze the frames for three days. This will ensure that all moth larvae is killed. If you are in a hurry you can freeze the beehive frames for 4 ½ hours at minus 7 degrees celsius, 3 hours at minus 12 degrees celsius or 2 hours at minus 15 degrees celsius.
  8. Allow the bee box frames to return to room temperature before you reinsert them in your beehive.
  9. Store your beehives that are not in use inplastic rubbish bags or in airtight containers to avoid moths from accessing them.

Moths are a pest that can be a major source of irritation to beekeepers. If your bee box becomes infested with wax moths, the above steps will see them removed without any damage to your colony.